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RESEARCH ARTICLE
Year : 2012  |  Volume : 1  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 1-6

Cytotoxic and apoptogenic properties of 2-phenylthiazole-4-carboxamide derivatives in human carcinoma cell lines


1 Students Research Committee, Faculty of Pharmacy, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran
2 Department of Toxicology and Pharmacology Medical services, Faculty of Pharmacy, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran
3 Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran
4 Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Leila Hosseinzadeh
Department of Toxicology and Pharmacology Medical services, Faculty of Pharmacy, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah
Iran
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


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Apoptosis, or programmed cell death, is an essential physiological process that plays a critical role in development and tissue homeostasis. Caspases, a family of cysteine-dependent aspartatedirected proteases, play a critical role in the initiation and execution of apoptosis. In this study, cytotoxicity and apoptogenic effect of 2-phenyl 4-carboxamide derivatives were evaluated in SKNMC (human neuroblastoma), MCF-7 (human breast adenocarcinoma) and HT-29 (human colon cancer) cell lines. Cell viability was determined by MTT assay. Also, activation of caspase-3 was evaluated by spectrophotometry. The overall cytotoxicity profiles of derivatives demonstrated that the HT-29 cell line has more sensitivity respect to other cell lines. Moreover, our observations indicated that 3-F and 2-F derivatives and 4-Cl derivative increased caspase-3 activation in three carcinoma cell line compared to control. Collectively, these findings suggest that these derivatives are able to induce apoptosis in cancer cell lines.


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